Keelung (Taipei), Taiwan
Keelung is the cruise port for Taipei which is approximately 16 miles southwest of the port. Taipei is easily reachable by train or bus.
Citizens of most nationalities including Canada, US, EU, Australia, and New Zealand do not need a visa for Taiwan. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visa_policy_of_Taiwan
Where You're Docked
Cruise ships dock right by central Keelung. The main train and bus station is a short distance away across the narrow harbor. Keelung port website here (schedule doesn't appear to be updated) http://www.klhb.gov.tw/
Money and Tipping
To get to Taipei, head first to Keelung train station where you can take either a direct bus or the train. Both run frequently from the train station. The train may be easier and avoids potential traffic, takes approximately 40-50 minutes, costs between NT$43 - NT$66, and arrives at Taipei Main Station. Schedules available here (search Taipei-Keelung and Taipei-Taipei) http://www.railway.gov.tw/en/
Several bus companies travel this route including Kuo Kang. Buses use two bus terminals beside Taipei Main Station. Kuo Kang buses use Kuo Kuang West Bus Station Terminal A, leave every 10-20 minutes, fare is NT$55, and journey time is 50 minutes.
Once in Taipei, you can board the MRT from Taipei Main Station to get around. A one day pass is NT$200 (NT$50 refundable deposit, Nov 2011). Single fares are based on journey distance and a token is issued instead of a ticket. Tap when entering and return it in the slot when exiting the gate. http://english.trtc.com.tw
Shopping & Restaurants
Taipei is famous for it's night markets with a popular one in Keelung. From the Keelung railway station walk east straight along the street following the harbor in the direction of the Keelung Harbor Bureau (identifiable at night by its large orange neon sign). The night market is roughly one block from the point where you cross a freeway overpass.
Try cafes and restaurants for free wifi. iTaiwan is a free nationwide wifi network. Tourists can sign up for free accounts with their passport at tourist info centers and offices in transport stations.
Maps (right-click to save)